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Why buy this report? Recently Viewed. To From Message. Most private railways, in cities, have also created department store chains of the same name which are primarily built around their major stations e. Tokyu in Tokyo , so generally you can look for the department store signs which are always very prominent and find the station nearby or from within the store. These companies generally serve a particular region of suburbs near a major city.
Private railways may interpret the service classes above differently, with some providing express services at no additional charge.
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Many offer their own regional passes for areas that may not be served by JR. Check purchase requirements. A few are:.
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Tokyo has several types of day passes, some cover certain subway lines but not others. To provide a sense of safety and security for female passengers, many of the most crowded JR and private commuter rail lines in Japan reserve a car for women only during the morning and evening rush hour. These cars are identified by special placards and stickers on the train and platform, which also designate the times that women-only cars are in effect.
Also, some limited express trains operated by JR West to and from the Kansai region have reserved seats specifically for women and their children. You will find men sitting in "women-only" seats, but they will make way if requested to do so.
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Normally, the first and last carriages are designated "women-only" during the morning rush time. As other example, the middle of carriages are designated "women-only" in municipal management of Yokohama. The third carriages are designated "women-only" in Keihin Tohoku Line. It seems that they are allowed for only women, however, actually JR allows children under 6-year-old, people who are physically handicapped and their caregivers can get women-only cars.
Numerous services would run regularly, bringing the Japanese to different parts of the country in a timely, efficient manner.
These days, however, with aging train equipment and other modes of transportation becoming easier and sometimes cheaper i. Shinkansen trains and overnight buses , overnight trains have slowly been discontinued.
For most of these services, three separate fares will have to be paid: The basic fare and limited express fare, which are both based on distance, and the accommodation charge, which is fixed over the entire journey. Lodging ranges from carpet spaces - where you literally sleep on the floor - to bunk bed-type compartments, to private rooms with a shower and toilet.
The Japan Rail Pass will cover only the basic fare: if you sleep in a bunk bed or a private room, then the limited express and room fares will have to be paid. A few trains have seats or carpet spaces that are fully covered by the Rail Pass. On some trips that run over non-JR tracks, the basic and limited express fares for that portion of the trip will also have to be paid. Some additional overnight services are added during periods of high demand, such as Golden Week, New Year's and the summer months.
The Moonlight Nagara, and certain other extra services, are classified as Rapid trains with regular seating. As such, these trains can be used with the Seishun 18 Ticket - and tend to get crowded when they run. There are a few drawbacks to overnight train travel. In most cases you cannot book the train until you arrive in Japan, by which point the train might be sold out unless a helpful Japanese resident purchases the tickets for you in advance of your arrival.
Some overnight trains are also subject to cancellation on the day of departure if inclement weather is expected along the route. The alternative to travelling overnight by train is to travel by bus see below - but if you have a Japan Rail Pass, there is another way that you can go about travelling by night - and it can be relatively easy.
The key is to split up your journey, stopping at an intermediate station en route to your destination and resting at a nearby and preferably cheap hotel. In the morning, take another train toward your destination to complete the trip. The Rail Pass will cover your train journey: your only responsibility is paying for the hotel room. If you can find accommodations in a smaller city, the chances are good that you will pay less for it compared to lodging in bigger cities such as Tokyo Toyoko Inn business hotels are the largest chain with over across Japan - most of them near train stations - and are a great example.
With careful planning and research, you will be able to find an overnight itinerary that works for you. For example, using the Shinkansen you could sleep in Hamamatsu on a trip from Tokyo to Kyoto, or in Himeji on a trip from Tokyo to Hiroshima. For a trip north from Tokyo to Hokkaido you could choose to rest in Aomori.
That said, you would need to get up earlier the next morning or else lose some daylight sightseeing time. Trying to take several bags on a crowded train especially during rush hour would be an unparalleled nightmare. Nearly all airports and major train stations have an office with a luggage forwarding company. In addition, many convenience stores are also drop off points. Costs vary by size and weight, but a bag delivered by noon can often be delivered to your hotel within the same city by that evening, or to other cities in days.
The offices in train stations can also hold your bag there for the day in case the storage lockers are full or too small. Japan's excellent Shinkansen network means that flying is usually more of a luxury than a necessity. That being said, flying remains the most practical mode of reaching Japan's outlying islands, most notably for connections from the mainland to Hokkaido , Okinawa , and service to Kyushu to and from Tokyo.
Flying is also useful for getting around sparsely populated Hokkaido, as the Shinkansen network there currently ends in Hakodate. Narita to Haneda or Kansai to Itami is quite a trek, so allow at least two and preferably three hours to transfer. Full fares for domestic flights are very expensive to areas without discount carriers, but significant discounts are available if purchased in advance.
These are a particularly good deal for travel to Hokkaido or the remote southern islands of Okinawa. Some blackout periods or other restrictions during peak travel seasons apply.
For all these tickets, ticketing must be done before arriving in Japan, and there are no date changes permitted for the first domestic segment. Route changes for all the flights are not allowed. That said, ticketing must be done at least 3 days before the flight, there are no refunds, nor date or route changes permitted. The low-cost carrier concept is slowly making inroads into Japan, but they are mostly available for trips to from Sapporo, Naha, Fukuoka, and a few other cities in Kyushu from Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya.
Usually, these airlines offer lower walk-up fares than the majors but they limit advance discounts to a small number of seats. There are often very limited baggage allowances, however, and these should be checked before purchasing a ticket. Passengers can fly standby at half of the full published fare, which is usually less than the equivalent express train fare.
ANA only requires you to be a member of its mileage club, and both require ID proving your age. Given that Japan is an island nation, boats are a surprisingly uncommon means of transport, as all the major islands are linked together by bridges and tunnels. Ferries are mostly limited to connections between areas with fairly low population.casourchaoconlo.ml
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There are some long-distance ferries from Tokyo and Osaka to distant cities, even Okinawa and Hokkaido , but the fares are usually higher than discounted airline tickets and the ferries are mostly used by people and companies wanting to transport their cars. For some smaller islands, however, boats may well be the only practical option. There are also some inexpensive and convenient short-distance intercity ferries such as the Aomori - Hakodate ferry.
Vending machines and simple restaurant fare are typically available on board, but on longer trips particularly in second class the primary means of entertainment is alcoholic — this can be fun if you're invited in, but less so if you're trying to sleep. It may be worth it to pay a premium to get a better seat; remember that it is less fun to sightsee after a sleepless night. Intercity buses usually have significantly less legroom than intercity trains, so passengers over about cm may be uncomfortable.
A few buses offer more luxurious Premium Seating. These seats are bigger, offer more legroom, and are exclusive, with only a few seats allocated to an entire bus. Like their railroad counterparts, a few overnight buses can be used only by women an example is the Plumeria or Cherish bus service between Tokyo and Osaka. It is available to both Japanese and foreigners, but must be purchased outside of Japan. Travel days are non-consecutive but passes must be used up within two months.
You are limited to a maximum of two bus trips per day and you cannot travel twice on one route in the same day. Passes are not transferable and photo identification is required when boarding the buses. If you have a lot of time on your hands, want to visit several major cities in a single trip, and do not mind the time spent on buses including sleeping , then the Bus Pass is worth considering.
The more trips you take, the more cost-effective the pass will be. There are a couple of small drawbacks to using the Bus Pass: You are restricted to using buses that seat four to a row, as opposed to three see above. On most buses, you're expected to board from the back and grab a little numbered slip as you enter, often just a white piece of paper automatically stamped by the dispenser as you pull it.
In the front of the bus, above the driver, is an electronic board displaying numbers and prices below, which march inexorably higher as the bus moves on.